Qing Dynasty Emperors who lived in the Forbidden City

The Qing dynasty came to power after the Manchus conquered China in 1644. Ten Qing emperors lived in the Forbidden City.

Emperor Daoguang

(16 September 1782 – 25 February 1850)

  • Reign: 3 October 1820 – 25 February 1850
  • The first Opium War occurred during the reign of Emperor Daoguang.

Emperor Daoguang was the eighth emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China. He was also the second son of Emperor Jiaqing, and he frequently went on hunting trips with his grandfather, Emperor Qianglong. As a prince, he also distinguished himself by playing a vital role in repelling the White Lotus rebels, who had infiltrated the Forbidden City.

Daoguang’s reign was marked by external disasters and internal rebellions. When he inherited the throne after his father died unexpectedly, he inherited an empire in decline, with Westerners encroaching upon the borders of China. By the end of 1826, the former Qing cities of Kashgar, Yarkand, Khotan, and Yangihissar had fallen to rebels. China was also experiencing a very serious problem with opium, which was imported into China by British merchants. Jiaqing issued many edicts against the illegal opium trade in the 1820s and 1830s, assisted by the efforts of Commissioner Lin Zexu. Lin’s efforts to stop the trade led to the First Opium War, and Lin was made a scapegoat. China lost this war and surrendered Hong Kong by way of the Treaty of Nanjing in August 1842.